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Nuclear Preparedness in Norway

The national nuclear preparedness is laid down in the Royal Decree of 17 February 2006. Preparedness is built around the Crisis Committee for Nuclear Preparedness which consists of representatives from central authorities having special responsibility in nuclear preparedness. The Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority is the head of and Secretariat for the Crisis Committee.

From a exercise. Photo: NRPA.
In the event of an accident or incident, the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority shall provide the Crisis Committee with scientific expertise, obtaining information, situation assessment, collation of measurement results, etc.

The Crisis Committee for Nuclear Preparedness
The following government agencies make up the Crisis Committee: The Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, The Ministry of Defence, The Norwegian Directorate of Health, The Norwegian Food Safety Authority, The National Police Directorate, The Directorate for Civil Protection and Emergency Planning.

The Crisis Committee’s Advisors
The Crisis Committee has advisors comprising of representatives from agencies and institutions with special competence relating to nuclear preparedness.

County Governors
County Governors are the Crisis Committee’s regional link.

The Crisis Committee’s role
The Crisis Committee is responsible for the management and continual development of nuclear preparedness. In the acute phase of an accident or incident, the Crisis Committee shall determine actions necessary to reduce the consequences. In the subsequent phase, the Crisis Committee will act as advisor to the authorities. The main object of the Crisis Committee’s work is to protect life, health, the environment, and important public interests.

The Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority
In the event of an accident or incident, the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority shall provide the Crisis Committee with scientific expertise, obtaining information, situation assessment, collation of measurement results, etc. Ordinarily,  the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority maintains round-the-clock alertness and is the contact point for the national and international warning agreements. The Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority is affiliated to the national and international network for the measurement of radioactivity. The Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority has its own preparedness unit with an accredited measurement laboratory in Sør-Varanger. Its responsibilities are related to regional nuclear preparedness, environment control and dissemination of information and knowledge. In addition, The Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority has an environmental unit in Tromsø which assists in the preparedness work.

Nordic and international collaboration
The Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority participates in Nordic and international collaborations in nuclear preparedness, with joint drills and development projects.